3 Point Hitch Wheat/Rice/Grass Seed Planting Machine Use And Maintenance
With the country’s further emphasis on the ecological environment, under the background of advocating “Jinshan Yinshan is the green water and green hills”, the straw treatment has become a big problem for the people after the wheat harvest is completed. The practice in previous years was a burn. However, the burning of straw has now risen to illegal crimes, so the return of wheat to wheat has become a major problem for the people, and the straw-returning wheat no-till deep-slough planter produced by taakthreshermachine Co., Ltd. has catered to the needs of farmers. It not only solves the problem that straw cannot be incinerated but also achieves the good effect of stratified use of fertilizer, which not only improves efficiency but also increases productivity. High-quality Tractor Mounted Rice/Wheat Seeder is specially designed for the implementation of conservation tillage techniques. To achieve conservation tillage, the core of the technology and the core of the technology is the seeding machine, using 2BYMF series wheat no-till finger-type precision fertilizing planter, no need to clean the straw before the operation, no need to extinguish the slashing and plowing the land; Fertilizer, cutting and cleaning seed bedstraw, sorting seedbeds, trenching, single seeding, covering soil, heavy pressure, and other processes. Now introduce the basic structure and usage of the Agricultural use Tractor Mounted Rice/Wheat Seeder to the friends. The operator must master the main performance of the machine, the field operation method, and the inspection, adjustment, maintenance methods and safety precautions of the machine. Through this article, farmers can help the correct use, maintenance and maintenance of 6-18 Rows Wheat/Rice/Grass seed Sowing Equipment, which can greatly improve the efficiency of the machine, extend the service life of the machine, ensure the quality of the work, and achieve “efficient, high quality.” The low-consumption and safe “work” greatly improved the level of mechanization of sowing.
Precautions for use of the planter:
The germination rate, grain size, and purity of the seeds have a direct impact on sowing. For seeds with a germination rate of less than 95%, it is recommended to use a half-plant spacing method, that is, one plant is added between the two plants, and the seedlings are selected after emergence; for seeds with a germination rate greater than 95%, it is recommended to use the whole planting method, but increase by 10%. The density, for example, is planned to be 60,000 plants per ha, the actual planting is 66,000, and the planting distance is calculated according to 66,000 seeds. Among them, no germination, no emergency, and leakage are about 10%, so that the actual seedlings are protected. The number can reach the predetermined number of seedlings. It is worth noting that only dry seeds can be sown using this planter. Seeds that have been treated with drugs before sowing must be dried to be sown.
Plant spacing determination
Determine the number of seedlings, it is necessary to calculate the plant spacing, according to the seeding distance from the reference table, replace the sprocket to change the transmission ratio, determine the plant spacing. When determining the plant spacing, the slip ratio of the transmission wheel should be considered. Due to the soil condition and the transmission resistance, the actual planting distance and the value given in the reference table may be in error. Therefore, the operation needs to be reviewed and re-adjusted if necessary. 3 Point hitch Wheat/Rice/Grass seed Planting Machine sets the individual independent seeding depth adjustment. The groove depth adjustment range is 3 to 10 cm, and the groove depth is changed by 1 cm for each tooth movement. Under normal circumstances, when the depth of the trench is 5 to 6 cm, the seeding depth after the suppression should be 3 to 4 cm.
Adjust according to seed size
Seed-cleaning brush Low-cost Tractor Mounted Rice/Wheat Seeder uses a finger-clip metering device with a clearing brush to remove excess seeds. At the same time, it can be adjusted according to the size of the seed. Generally, when the larger seeds are sown, the brush should be farther away from the finger clip, and when the small seeds are sown, it should be closer. The adjustment diagram is attached to the brush adjustment, and there are nine adjustment positions for selection during adjustment.
Use of seed lubricant
The role of the seed lubricant is to make the seed fluid, prevent clogging or jamming; the second is to lubricate the rotating parts of the seed meter, making the 6-18 Rows Wheat/Rice/Grass seed Sowing Equipment turn lightly and reduce wear. How to use: Add an appropriate amount of seed lubricant to the seed and stir well to make the surface of the seed appear dark gray. Generally, about 0.2 kg of lubricant is mixed per 100 kg of seeds.
Selection of fertilizer
Choose a granular fertilizer with good fluidity. The wetted fertilizer must be dried and reused; the agglomerated fertilizer must be crushed before use; otherwise, it will cause uneven fertilization and blockage, and damage the machine in severe cases. If the fertilizer is applied at the same time, it is necessary to use special fertilizer; the amount of mouth fertilizer should be controlled within 75kg per ha. If it exceeds the limit, the burning phenomenon will occur. The reference value of the mouth fertilizer is marked in the reference table of the planting plant, and the reference table is attached to the fertilizer. End of the box. Due to the different fluidity and specific gravity of different fertilizers, the slip ratio of the transmission wheel is also affected by soil conditions and transmission resistance. The actual amount of fertilizer applied may be different from the value given in the reference table. Therefore, it is necessary to review the operation and re-require if necessary. Adjustment.
Fertilization position determination
The fertilization position of the base fertilizer has a great influence on the growth and development of the crop. The depth of the base fertilizer must be 5-8 cm below the seed. The adjustment of the fertilization depth is achieved by changing the position of the fertilization arm in the shallow and shallow adjustment reservoir. The fertilization depth adjustment range is 8 to 13 cm. It is required that the position of the base fertilizer must not be in the same bed as the seed, and it must be 7 to 10 cm away from the seedbed. Changing the position of the fertilization depth adjustment reservoir in the sub-beam can achieve the adjustment of the bottom fertilizer fertilization position. It is worth noting that when the amount of fertilization per ha exceeds 500 kg, the lateral distance between the fertilizer and the seed should be greater than 8 cm, and it is absolutely forbidden to apply the same fertilizer to the bed.
Determination of suppression strength
The strength of repression is closely related to crop growth. Heavy repression can not only promote the germination and growth of crops but also have a good impact on the crop in the middle and later stages. Due to the tightness of the seedlings, the roots of the crops are stabilized, and the supporting effect on the crops is enhanced so that there is the anti-mite and anti-falling effect. In August 2012, the province encountered severe storms and heavy wheat, and the main reason was that the soil surface was not tight and the wheat roots were not firmly tied. In the experimental comparison field of Jilin Agricultural University in Gongzhuling, the conventionally planted plots, all the wheat fell, and the no-till sowing plots basically did not fall, because the 3 Point hitch Wheat/Rice/Grass seed Planting Machine can achieve heavy suppression. Low-cost Tractor Mounted Rice/Wheat Seeder’s crushing strength is mild, moderate, heavy, and overweight. The adjustment range is 47-80 kPa, and the pressure of each groove is changed to about 11 kDa. When the soil moisture is moderate, the adjustment handle is placed in the “moderate” position; when the moisture is poor, it is placed in the “heavy” position.
Drive wheel friction determination
Agricultural use Tractor Mounted Rice/Wheat Seeder drives the rotation of the seed and the fertilizer wheel by the friction between the drive wheel and the ground wheel. Insufficient friction can cause an increase in the slip rate. The friction is ensured by two tension springs, and the tension of the tension spring is adjusted by changing the working length of the screw. When the working length of the lead screw is lengthened, the tension of the tension spring is weakened and the frictional force is reduced; when the working length of the lead screw is shortened, the tension of the tension spring is enhanced and the frictional force is increased. The tension of the spring is generally about 320N for the 2-line model, and the effective length of the corresponding screw is 30mm. Generally, the 4-line and 6-line models are suitable for 420N, and the corresponding effective length of the lead screw is 15mm.
Determination of the height of the grass wheel
High-quality Tractor Mounted Rice/Wheat Seeder is used to clean the bedstraw and dry soil. The grass wheel height adjustment range is 7.5cm. When the amount of straw is large and the dry soil layer is deep, the height of the grass wheel should be lowered, and vice versa. When carrying out wide and narrow rows, the grass wheel in the narrow row should be removed.